How much primary resources are “replaced” by these products, what is the “gain” in terms of CO2?

The advantage for our PCP is the direct applicability in existing fertilizer and feed production without technical adaptions. The silica sand has potential to be used in construction replacing sand or cement.

The Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) has conducted a LCA study for an Ash2Phos plant located in Helsingborg with supply and valorization routes fitting that geography (~ 30 000 ton ash / y plant, only available in Swedish).

The results show that the recovery products from Ash2Phos will save significant amounts of CO2 emissions compared to using virgin products. Additionally, the decontamination of the products are very efficient in the Ash2Phos process.